The Poloniny National Park

The Poloniny National Park is situated in the north-eastern part of Slovakia and it borders with Poland and the Ukraine.

The Protected Lanscape Area of Východné Karpaty lies in the north-eastern part of the Snina region. In 1993 it was designated by UNESCO as the International Biospheric reservation of Východné Karpaty. Its area is 164190 ha. It is the only reservation in the world created by an area of three countries. Since 1.10.1997 part of the biospheric reservation in the Snina region was designated the Poloniny National Park.
Forests, mainly beech and fir are a dominant element of Poloniny and cover 80% of its surface area. This national park has the highest number of primeval forests in Slovakia. To protect them, six national wilderness areas were designated (Stužica, Jarabá skala, Rožok, Pľaša, Havešová and Stinská).

Mountain meadows - pastures - are typical for this national park. They can be found on mountain ranges in the Bukovské hills/Bukovské vrchy. The most beautiful are near Pľaša, Ďurkovec, Riaba skala and Kamenná lúka/Kamenná meadow.

There are also many east-carpathian plant- and animal species. There are some plants that can be found only in this area, such as the Great sperwot (Ranunculus dentatus), (Scorzonera rosea), Sweetwilliam (Dianthus barbatus ), Carpathian-Balkan-Altaic (Viola dacica), and Euphorbia (Euphorbia sojikii).

The typical feature of the fauna of this national park is its biological diversity. Up to now we have discovered about 3600 species of invertebrates - of butterflies, spiders and beetles. About 294 species of vertebrates have been found, out of which there are 13 species of amphibians, 8 species of reptiles, 198 species of birds and 55 species of mammals. The presence of numerous species of fauna is influenced by the extensive complex of beech and fir-beech tree ecosystems. All of our carnivores can be found in this area and sometimes wisent/European bison and elk are seen (coming from the nearby Bieszczadský National Park in Poland).

The Poloniny National Park is proud of its unique cultural landmarks, particularly famous are the wooden churches in Topola, Uličské Krivné, Ruský Potok and Jalová.

The Poloniny National park:

Designated:  

1. October 1997  

The surface area:  

29 805 ha (protected area 10 975 ha)  

Protected small-size areas:

National wilderness areas (7) - Stužica, Riaba skala, Rožok, Pľaša, Havešová and Stinska, Pod Ruským  

Wilderness areas (12) – Bahno, Borsučiny, Bzaná, Gazdoráň, Hrúnok, Ruské, Slatina pod Stinskou, Stružnická dolina, Šípková, Udava, Uličská ostrá, Hlboké  

Historic landmark (1) – Ulička, designated in 1994, area of 7,25 ha. Area of small-size protected areas: 1 946,10 ha (6.53 % of the national park area)

Area of small-size protected areas:

1 946,10 ha (6.53 % of the national park area)

The best of Poloniny...

  • the biggest hill Kremenec (1 221 m above sea level)
  • the biggest complex of primaeval forests in Slovakia
  • the least visited national park
  • the highest number of wooden churches among all national parks in Slovakia
  • the biggest water tank for drinking water – Starina (60 million m³ of water)
  • the highest number of big forest animals (wolf, bear, wisent/European bison, elk)
  • the highest situated military cemetery from the first world war in Slovakia on the hill Predný Hodošík (825 m above sea level)  

Tourist nature trails:

Nová Sedlica - Kremenec - Riaba skala - Ruské sedlo - Olšnikov (red mark)  
Runina - Smrekovica - Ruské - Ruské sedlo (blue mark)  
Uličské Krivé - Ruský Potok - Topoľa (blue mark)  
Runina - Komúrny (green mark)  
Nová Sedlica - Príkry - Čierťaž (green mark)  
Osadné - Ďakov - Balnica (yellow mark)  

Tourist foot trails crossing the state border with Poland  
Stakčín - Cisna cez Ruské sedlo (from 1.6. to 31.9. for hikers and cyclists)  
Osadné - Balnica (from 1.6. to 31.9., for hikers)  

Border tourist crossings:

Ruské sedlo - Roztoki Górne open 1.4. - 31.10., 9 am - 6 pm
Osadné - Balnica open 1.6.- 31.10., 9 am - 6 pm

Camp sites    

Nová Sedlica - gap under Čierťaža (bivouacing place)  
Nová Sedlica - Poľana  
Stakčín - Ruské sedlo (bivouacing place)  
Stakčín - Starina  
Runina - Poloninský Potok  
Ulič - Šváby  

Educational foot trail

Ulič - educational foot trail of Miroslav Poliščuk  

Cycleway      

Stakčín - Ruské - Topoľa - Príslop - Stakčín (around Stariny)  
Stakčín - Príslop - Ulič - Ruská Volová - Stakčín (around Nastazu)  
Ulič - Zboj - Nová Sedlica  
Ulič - Ruský Potok - Runina

Historic landmarks

Kremenec

The highest peak of the Bukovske vrchy mountain range is Kremenec (1221 m above sea level). It is the easternmost peak of Slovakia. On top of this hill, three state borders meet, those of Slovakia, Poland and the Ukraine.

It is situated in the international wilderness area of the East Carpathian Mountains/Východné Karpaty (designated by UNESCO). It consists of land from Slovakia, Poland and the Ukraine. It is the only reservation formed in this way from three countries. The Poloniny National park is part of this reservation. Bukovské vrchy - our easternmost mountains - are located in its area.

In Poloniny we can find:

  1. the highest hill Kremenec (1221 m above sea level),
  2. the most valuable mineral - marmaroš diamond (pure quartz), 
  3. the biggest water tank of drinking water – Starina (60 million m³ of water),
  4. the highest situated military cemetery from the World war I in Slovakia on the hill Predný Hodošík 
  5. the easternmost village in Slovakia - Nová Sedlica.